Vijay Diwas 2020
Vijay Diwas is celebrated in India on 16th December every year to observe the Indian military’s victory over Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971. The End of the war resulted in the liberation of Bangladesh from Pakistan. It also resulted in the unilateral surrender of the Pakistani Army and the succession of East Pakistan into Bangladesh.
Vijay Diwas 2020 theme
Kargil Vijay Diwas 2020: India celebrates 21 years of victory, indomitable valor, and sacrifice of soldiers.
On this day General Khan Niazi along with 93,000 troops, surrendered to the allied forces consists of the Indian Army and Mukti Bahini, led by General Jagjit Singh Aurora. In Bangladesh, the same victory is shared as Bijoy Dibos.
Why is Vijay Diwas celebrated?
The conflict occurred following West Pakistan’s ill-treatment of East Pakistanis (Bangladeshis). They also failed to recognize the election results In East Pakistan. The call for secession was raised on 27th March 1971 by East Pakistan. India’s then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi extended her unconditional support for their Independence.
The media had reported genocide against the East Pakistanis at the hands of the Pakistani military. As a result, India opened its borders for the 10 million Bangladeshi refugees.
The Indo Pak war took place after aerial strikes by the Pakistan Air Force(PAF) in northwestern India as a part of Operation Chengiz Khan. Indian Air force defended this aerial attack on the Western Front and the east and continued till Pakistan retaliated. The Indian Navy Western Naval Command conducted a surprise attack on Karachi Port under Codename Trident on December 15.
Indo Pak war
Mukhi Bhagini guerillas in East Pakistan formed an alliance with the Indian Army and joined forces against Pakistan in the war. The Soviet Union backed East Pakistanis and the Indian Army in support of the liberation. The United States of America, meanwhile, under President Richard Nixon supported Pakistan financially providing them with the necessary resources.
In the end, 93,000 Pakistani allied troops retreated as part of the Shimla Agreement of 1972.
There were casualties on both sides leaving 8000 and 25000 Pakistani troops dead and injured, while 3000 Indians and 12000 Indian soldiers.
This heart-wrenching war resulted in Bangladesh being recognized as a sovereign nation. As Bangladesh celebrates their independence day, we Indians should remember the martyrs that lay down their lives and also extend our gratitude to the Indian Army who continues to serve at the borders to ensure the security of our nation.